Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency (GAMT)

Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an inherited condition that affects the body’s ability to produce creatine. Without an adequate supply of creatine, the body is unable to use and store energy properly. This can cause severe neurological problems such as intellectual disability, limited speech development, recurrent seizures, behavioral problems, and involuntary movements. Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to improved health and development in children affected by GAMT deficiency. GAMT was added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) in January 2023

NewSTEPs partners with state newborn screening programs, partner organizations, and federal agencies to provide a central location for GAMT resources. If you have additional resources that you would like included, please contact NewSTEPs.

Data Collection

The collection of data from GAMT screening will help ensure all babies are screened and receive appropriate follow-up of an abnormal screen. By providing this data and information on the timeliness of diagnosis and treatment, a true picture of national prevalence can be developed. NewSTEPs collects outcome data on GAMT newborn screening, including quality indicators and basic information about the cases diagnosed with GAMT. Specific data to be collected can be found in the NewSTEPs Data Repository.

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